Charles Le Moyne and Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville, father and son, realized many great achievements over the course of their lifetimes and left a lasting mark on the history of Montréal.
Charles Le Moyne, born in Normandy in 1626, was a soldier, interpreter, negotiator and seigneur. He set sail for New France at the age of 15. His uncle, the surgeon André Du Chesne was already established on the new continent, making the transition to his new life easier. He was quickly recruited by the Jesuits to go to Huronia to learn the indigenous languages, and he stayed there for four years. Following the time spent in Huronia, he became a soldier, interpreter and clerk in Trois-Rivières and then Ville-Marie, the latter where he spent the rest of his career. He faced a number of attacks from the Iroquois. His talents as an interpreter, however, allowed him to forge alliances with other First Nations peoples. During his work in the fur trade, Charles Le Moyne acquired shares in the Compagnie du Nord, which was handed over to the Hudson’s Bay Company. To thank him for his loyal services over the years, the royal authorities granted him several tracts of land, including the seigneury in Longueuil and the seigneury in Châteauguay. Upon his death, an inventory revealed that he was one of the richest men in Montréal. He had two daughters and 12 sons from his marriage to Catherine Thierry, many of whom left their mark on the history of New France. The most celebrated, of course, is Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville.
Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville was Charles Le Moyne’s third eldest son. He was a soldier, ship captain, explorer, colonizer, knight of the order of Saint-Louis, adventurer, privateer and trader. Let’s take a quick look at his main accomplishments. From early on, Pierre Le Moyne took an interest in navigation and remote territories. In 1686, was sent on a mission by the royal authorities to Hudson’s Bay. The English had begun trading in fur and France wanted to reclaim its rights to the territory. Iberville had a difficult time making headway. Nearly 10 years later, d’Iberville headed in another direction: to Louisiana. France wanted to establish a colony along the Gulf of Mexico. He found the mouth of the Mississippi
River and, in the early 1700s, built three forts there: Biloxi, Mississippi and Mobile. Unfortunately, he never saw Louisiana again. After sowing terror among the English strongholds, he died in Havana in 1706.
Had it not been for d’Iberville’s sudden death, some researchers believe that North America could have been French thanks to his explorations.
Crédit couverture Biographi.ca
Vous avez aimé cet article ? Testez vos connaissances sur notre application mobile tous les lundis et courrez la chance de gagner des prix !
Télécharger notre application mobile.